Where Is Marijuana Legal? Peru The Latest Country To Legalize
The president of Peru signed a invoice on Thursday legalizing medical marijuana throughout the nation, a historic transfer that got here a number of weeks after the Peruvian Congress voted to approve it.
The legalization permits possession, sale, and transport of hashish for medical functions, however it’s nonetheless unlawful to domesticate the plant. The authorities will develop an inventory of official importers or growers who’re licensed to provide the nation’s new medical marijuana sufferers, who will probably be given prescriptions for circumstances like Parkinson’s, most cancers, epilepsy or different power or terminal diseases.
Peru is the most recent Latin American nation to legalize marijuana in some kind, however the place else is hashish authorized?
In many nations, marijuana is just authorized on a strict foundation. In Australia, Greece, Croatia, Israel, Poland, Mexico, Finland, Turkey, the Czech Republic, Switzerland, Macedonia and Italy, shoppers want prescriptions for one in every of just some medical circumstances. Laws depart some room for analysis functions, which makes hashish technically authorized for some to develop, however there are nonetheless strict enforcements in place to criminalize most utilization. Oftentimes it’s authorized for folks to own marijuana, however not authorized for anyone to domesticate or promote the drug, leaving a grey space that lowers the speed of arrests for possession however doesn’t permit for many different steps of the method.
In Chile, the Latin American nation with the very best per capita marijuana use, all public manufacturing and consumption hashish is unlawful, however Chilean Congress is debating a invoice that will make it authorized to develop as much as six crops in a personal house for “medical, recreational, or spiritual reasons.”
In Denmark, marijuana is unlawful except you occur to be in Freetown, a neighborhood in Copenhagen that declared hashish consumption and gross sales authorized. The Danish police do not implement federal legal guidelines on this neighborhood, that has change into referred to as the “green light district.” Spain has an analogous scenario, that leaves a loophole for marijuana to be bought in sure personal golf equipment and in personal houses, however it’s not technically authorized to promote or transport wherever. South Africa has comparable legal guidelines on consumption in personal.
Germany permits marijuana use with a medical prescription, and when you eat marijuana with out one, it’s thought-about “self-harm” reasonably than a criminal offense. In Colombia, medical marijuana is allowed and a few consumption and cultivation in personal is permitted.
In India and the United States, legalization varies drastically state-by-state. Puerto Rico permits medical prescriptions however solely in types that can’t be smoked.
Uruguay, the Netherlands and Jamaica are among the most accepting nations in relation to marijuana consumption. In Uruguay, marijuana is absolutely legalized for each medical and leisure functions, and Jamaica permits Rastafarians to develop and use hashish, and anyone can domesticate as much as 5 crops for private use, although it’s unlawful for public use. Possession is authorized in “coffeeshops” within the Netherlands, the place it may be bought and consumed.
Peru’s legalization made the nation one in every of greater than 20 nations the place marijuana legal guidelines have been expanded, however some Peruvians are searching for even further-reaching legal guidelines. Congress overwhelming voted to approve the brand new invoice, however it solely permits sure derivatives and merchandise.
“We’re very happy with the fact that Peruvian law has approved this,” stated marijuana advocate Ana Alvarez in an interview with the Guardian. “But we’re not totally satisified.”